Ear Infection
Dr. Anna avatar
Written by Dr. Anna
Updated over a week ago

Ear infections in pets are infections and inflammation of the lining of the ear canal. It’s common in dogs and cats. They develop when the ear canal becomes infected with bacteria, yeast, or water. They can occasionally be brought on by polyps or an ear mite infestation.

In this article, we will learn more about ear infections in pets, their causes, signs, solutions, and techniques for prevention.

  1. Causes

There are many causes for ear infections in dogs and cats, they could be from:

  • Swimming or bathing since water can enter their ear and form a good medium for bacteria and yeast to grow in it

  • Excessive hair growth inside the ear that could trap moisture

  • Excessive ear cleaning, especially by Q-tips could push the dirt more inside the ear canal

  • Some breeds are susceptible to ear infections more than others such as cocker spaniels and beagles

  • Obstructive diseases

  • Food allergy

These are the most common causes for dogs, while those for cats are

  • Water entering the ear canal while bathing

  • Ear mites

  • Bacteria or yeast

2. Signs of ear infections

You may start to notice these symptoms:

  • Shaking head

  • Ear redness

  • Foul smell

  • Ear itching

  • Dark brown debris

  • Dark brown or yellow discharge

3. What should you do in such cases?

Ask your vet to help determine the main cause of the infection, in order to prescribe the proper treatment for such cases.

One of the initial steps that should be done is to clean your pet’s ear, it’s not an easy mission and you have to be careful with that so it’s suggested that you take the vet’s help in cleaning your pet’s ear.

4. Prevention

Since you have now learned the causes of infection, you can avoid it and keep your pet safe from any source of infection. Here are some tips to avoid ear infections:

  • Dry your pet’s ear carefully after swimming or bathing

  • Deep clean your pet’s ear regularly at the veterinary clinic

  • Give your pet their anti-fleas drugs regularly in order to avoid mites infection

  • Use ear cleansing drops (based on the vet’s prescription) from time to time to keep your pet’s ear clean

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